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Preparation and Characterisation of Acid–Base-Change-Sensitive Binary Biopolymer Films with Olive Oil and Ozonated Olive Oil Nano/Microcapsules and Added Hibiscus Extract

Liliana Woszczak, Karen Khachatryan, Magdalena Krystyjan, Teresa Witczak, Mariusz Witczak, Dorota Gałkowska, Małgorzata Makarewicz and Gohar Khachatryan

Preparation and Characterisation of Acid–Base-Change-Sensitive Binary Biopolymer Films with Olive Oil and Ozonated Olive Oil Nano/Microcapsules and Added Hibiscus Extract

ABSTRACT:

he purpose of this study was to develop and characterise bionanocomposites based on chitosan (CHIT) and alginate (ALG) in two series, which were subsequently functionalised with emulsions based on a combination of water, oil, ozonated oil and hibiscus flower extracts. The structure and morphology of the materials produced were characterised by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and ultraviolet and visible light (UV-Vis) absorption spectroscopy, along with a surface colour analysis and the determination of the mechanical and thermal properties of the resulting composites. Functionalisation did affect the analysed composite parameters. The FTIR spectra indicated that the polysaccharide matrix components were compatible. The SEM images also confirmed the presence of nano/microcapsules in the polysaccharide matrix. The obtained results indicate that the order of adding polysaccharides has a significant impact on the encapsulation capacity. The encapsulation resulted in the improved thermal stability of the composites. The emissions analysis showed that the composites containing nano/microcapsules are characterised by a higher emission intensity and are sensitive to acid or base changes. Significant differences in emission intensity were observed even at low concentrations of acids and bases. A drop in the mechanical properties was observed following functionalisation. The results of this study suggest that these bionanocomposites can be used as active and/or smart packaging materials.

Keywords: hibiscus; nano/microcapsules; alginate; chitosan

Attach:ijms241411502.jpg Δ

 Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2023, 24(14), 11502;  https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms241411502 

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"MDPI and ACS Style"
Janik, M.; Khachatryan, K.; Khachatryan, G.; Krystyjan, M.; Żarska, S.; Ciesielski, W. Preparation and Characterisation of Acid–Base-Change-Sensitive Binary Biopolymer Films with Olive Oil and Ozonated Olive Oil Nano/Microcapsules and Added Hibiscus Extract. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2023, 24, 11502. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms241411502

"AMA Style"
Janik M, Khachatryan K, Khachatryan G, Krystyjan M, Żarska S, Ciesielski W. Preparation and Characterisation of Acid–Base-Change-Sensitive Binary Biopolymer Films with Olive Oil and Ozonated Olive Oil Nano/Microcapsules and Added Hibiscus Extract. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2023; 24(14):11502. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms241411502

"Chicago/Turabian Style"
Janik, Magdalena, Karen Khachatryan, Gohar Khachatryan, Magdalena Krystyjan, Sandra Żarska, and Wojciech Ciesielski. 2023. "Preparation and Characterisation of Acid–Base-Change-Sensitive Binary Biopolymer Films with Olive Oil and Ozonated Olive Oil Nano/Microcapsules and Added Hibiscus Extract" International Journal of Molecular Sciences 24, no. 14: 11502. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms241411502

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