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Fluorescence properties of donor–acceptor-substituted pyrazoloquinolines


The photophysical properties of three newly synthesized pyrazoloquinolines, composed of N,N-dimethylaniline as donor subunit and various substituted forms of the acceptor pyrazoloquinoline (DPPQ), were investigated by absorption as well as by stationary and time resolved fluorescence spectroscopy. These compounds show generally highly efficient emission in nonpolar and medium polar solvents; the dipole moment of the emitting state increases and the quantum yield decreases with solvent polarity. These results are explained by state reversion in polar solvents: At low polarities emission originates from a state localized on the DPPQ moiety, whereas in the high-polarity regime the next excited state of charge transfer character, in which an electron is promoted from the amino nitrogen lone pair into an excited orbital of the DPPQ moiety, becomes the fluorescent state. This view is corroborated by semiempirical calculations including the solvent reaction field, low-temperature fluorescence measurements, and the observation of effects of protonation on the spectroscopic and photophysical properties.

Fluorescence properties

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MLA Parusel, Andreas BJ, et al. "Fluorescence properties of donor–acceptor-substituted pyrazoloquinolines." Journal of Fluorescence 8.4 (1998): 375-387.

APA Parusel, A. B., Rechthaler, K., Piorun, D., Danel, A., Khatchatryan, K., Rotkiewicz, K., & Köhler, G. (1998). Fluorescence properties of donor–acceptor-substituted pyrazoloquinolines. Journal of Fluorescence, 8(4), 375-387.

ISO 690 PARUSEL, Andreas BJ, et al. Fluorescence properties of donor–acceptor-substituted pyrazoloquinolines. Journal of Fluorescence, 1998, 8.4: 375-387.

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